The Bipartisan Security Group
The Bipartisan Security Group is dedicated to providing reliable information and analysis of global security issues to Members of Congress and their staff, with an emphasis on arms control, non-proliferation, and disarmament.
The Bipartisan Security Group consists of Republican and Democratic experts with experience in diplomacy, law, intelligence and military affairs. BSG is directed and chaired on Capitol Hill by veteran diplomats Ambassador Robert T. Grey, Jr., and Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr.
Director: Ambassador Robert T. Grey, Jr. was the former US Representative to the Conference on Disarmament from 1998-2001. Ambassador Grey was a Senior Fellow on the Council on Foreign Relations and Counselor for Political Affairs of the US Mission to the United Nations in New York from 1986-1995. He was the Political Advisor to the Supreme Allied Commander at NATO from 1983-1986. He also served as Acting Deputy Director for the Arms Control Agency from 1981-1983. Before holding these posts, Ambassador Grey was the Political-Military Affair's Bureau Deputy Office Director in the Office of Military Sales and Assistance, Director of the State Departments Office of Advanced Technology, and Executive Assistant to the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs. He joined the Foreign Service in 1960 and briefly left the Service to serve as Administrative Assistant to Senator Alan Cranston (D-CA), founder of the Global Security Institute. He continues to serve as a consultant to the State Department and the CIA. He received a BA from Dartmouth College in 1957 and a JD from the University of Michigan in 1960.
Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr., is Chairman of the Bipartisan Security Group. Internationally known as one of the leading authorities in the field of international arms control and non-proliferation agreements designed to limit and to combat the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, Ambassador Graham has served as a senior US diplomat involved in the negotiation of every major international arms control and non-proliferation agreement during the period 1970-1997. This includes The Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT Treaties), The Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START Treaties), The Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Extension (NPT), Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
In 1993, Ambassador Graham served as the Acting Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) and for seven months and in 1994 served as the Acting Deputy Director. From 1994 through 1997, he served as the Special Representative of the President for Arms Control, Non-Proliferation, and Disarmament, appointed by President Clinton and in this capacity led U.S. government efforts to achieve the permanent extension of the NPT in 1994 and 1995. He also served for 15 years as the general counsel of ACDA.
He additionally served as the Legal Advisor to the U.S. SALT II, START I, and START II Delegations, the senior arms control agency representative to the U.S. INF Delegation and the U.S. Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Delegation, and many others.
Ambassador Graham worked on the negotiation of The Chemical Weapon Convention and The Biological Weapons Convention. He drafted the implementing legislation for the Biological Weapons Convention and managed the Senate approval of the ratification of the Geneva Protocol banning the use in war of chemical and biological weapons.
Gloria Duffy served as U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense and Special Coordinator for Cooperative Threat Reduction in the Clinton administration. She is currently President and CEO of The Commonwealth Club of California, the nation's largest and oldest public affairs forum. Dr. Duffy also serves as Chair of the Board of the U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation. She is the author/editor of two books, International Arms Control Issues and Agreements (Stanford University Press, 1983) and Compliance and the Future of Arms Control (Ballinger, 1987) and many articles in scholarly journals and the popular press. In prior years, Dr. Duffy served as the first Executive Director of Ploughshares Fund, Assistant Director of the Arms Control Association, editor of Arms Control Today, and as a resident consultant at the RAND Corporation.
Nancy Gallagher is the Associate Director for Research at the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM) and a Senior Research Scholar at the University of Maryland’s School of Public Policy. Before coming to the University of Maryland, Dr. Gallagher was the Executive Director of the Clinton administration’s Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Task Force and worked with the Special Advisor to the President and the Secretary of State on recommendations to build bipartisan support for U.S. ratification. She has been an arms control specialist in the State Department, a Foster Fellow in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and a faculty member at Wesleyan University.
Ambassador James Goodby, former Ambassador to Finland, served as Vice Chairman of the U.S. Delegation to the Strategic Nuclear Arms Negotiations with the U.S.S.R. Ambassador Goodby also served as Chief of the U.S. Delegation to the Conference on Disarmament, and Chief U.S. Negotiator for the Safe and Secure Dismantlement of Nuclear Weapons. In addition, he was Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Politico-Military Affairs and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs. Ambassador Goodby is currently a Senior Research Fellow, M.I.T. and Senior Fellow, (nonresident), The Brookings Institution. He has taught at Carnegie Mellon, Stanford and Georgetown and is the author of Europe Undivided, a book on U.S.-Russian relations.
Jonathan Granoff, President of the Global Security Institute, is also Co-Chair of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Nuclear Nonproliferation and Senior Advisor to National Security Committee of the International Law Section of the American Bar Association. He serves on numerous governing and advisory boards including the Global Dialogue Institute, Middle Powers Initiative, Jane Goodall Institute, and the Bipartisan Security Group. Mr. Granoff is both a Member of the World Wisdom Council and a Fellow of the World Academy of Arts and Sciences, and has represented the International Peace Bureau at the Nobel Peace Laureate Summits in Rome every year since 2002. He received his Baccalaureate degree, Cum Laude, from Vassar College and Juris Doctorate from Rutgers University School of Law.
John Holum served as Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security; Senior Advisor to President Clinton; Secretary of State for Arms Control, Nonproliferation and Disarmament; and as Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
Barry Kellman is Professor of International Law at DePaul University College of Law and Co-Director of the International Criminal Justice and Weapons Control Center. He has been a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense Special Weapons Agency, the Organization for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Commerce. Mr. Kellman has published many books and articles on legal issues relevant to controlling biological weapons.
Professor David Koplow, former Deputy General Counsel of the Department of Defense, teaches International Law and National Security, Arms Control and Non-proliferation at Georgetown University. Prof. Koplow also served as special assistant to the Director of the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and Secretary of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security.
Suzanne Spaulding is a Managing Director at The Harbour Group, LLC. Previously she was Executive Director of the National Commission on Terrorism, and the Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. She also served as General Counsel of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Assistant General Counsel of the CIA, and Minority Staff Director for the U.S. House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence . Ms. Spaulding also chaired the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Law and National Security.